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Conditional verbs in English

Оновлено: 9 жовт. 2023 р.

Conditional verbs in English are used to express actions or situations that are dependent on a certain condition. They indicate what would happen or could have happened under different circumstances.


There are four main types of conditional verbs:


Zero Conditional:

  • Form: If + present tense verb (V1), present tense verb (V1).

  • Usage: Used to express general truths or facts that are always true.

  • Example:

If you heat water, it boils.

If it rains, the ground gets wet.


First Conditional:

  • Form: If + present tense verb (V1), will + base form verb.

  • Usage: Used to talk about real or possible future situations.

  • Example:

If it rains tomorrow, we will stay indoors.

If I study hard, I will pass the exam.


Second Conditional:

  • Form: If + past simple tense verb (V2), would + base form verb ( V1).

  • Usage: Used to discuss hypothetical or unlikely situations in the present or future.

  • Example:

If I won the lottery, I would travel the world.

If I had more money, I would travel the world.


Third Conditional:

  • Form: If + past perfect tense verb (V3), would have + past participle verb (V3).

  • Usage: Used to talk about hypothetical situations in the past, referring to unrealized events.

  • Example:

If she had studied harder, she would have passed the exam.

If she had studied, she would have passed the test.


It's important to note that there are variations and additional conditional forms, such as mixed conditionals and unreal conditionals. These forms combine elements of different types of conditionals to express complex or unreal situations.

Conditional verbs are often used to express possibilities, consequences, predictions, and hypothetical scenarios. They allow us to imagine different outcomes based on specific conditions.



Exercises I

Exercise 1

Rewrite the following sentences using the third conditional structure.

  1. She didn't study, so she didn't pass the exam. If she __________ (study), she __________ (pass) the exam.

  2. They didn't invite me, so I didn't attend the party. If they __________ (invite) me, I __________ (attend) the party.

  3. We didn't leave earlier, so we didn't catch the train. If we __________ (leave) earlier, we __________ (catch) the train.

  4. He didn't call me, so I didn't help him with the problem. If he __________ (call) me, I __________ (help) him with the problem.

  5. I didn't win the lottery, so I didn't buy a big house. If I __________ (win) the lottery, I __________ (buy) a big house.



  1. If she had studied, she would have passed the exam.

  2. If they had invited me, I would have attended the party.

  3. If we had left earlier, we would have caught the train.

  4. If he had called me, I would have helped him with the problem.

  5. If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a big house.





Exercises II

Exercise III




Mixed conditionals,



  • Form: If + past perfect tense verb (past condition), would + base form verb (present/future result).

  • Example:

If she had studied harder (past condition), she would be more knowledgeable now (present/future result).

If he hadn't missed the train (past condition), he would be here now (present/future result).

  • Usage: This type of mixed conditional indicates a hypothetical or unrealized condition in the past and its potential impact on the present or future.


Mixed conditionals are often used to express complex relationships between cause and effect across different time frames. They allow us to speculate about how past actions or events could have influenced or are influencing the present or future. By combining elements of different conditional forms, mixed conditionals provide a way to describe nuanced and layered conditional situations.





Exercises IV




  1. If I ________ (be) a superhero, I __________ (have) a hilarious and unconventional power.

  2. I ______________ (turn) any situation into a comedy show.

  3. I _____________ (make) people laugh uncontrollably with my witty jokes and silly antics.

  4. However, if I ___________ (be) a villain, I ___________ (be) "The Prankster."

  5. If I _________ (cause) mischief, I ___________ (play) elaborate and mischievous pranks on unsuspecting victims.

  6. If I ________________ (get) caught, I ______________ (escape) by triggering a series of comical distractions.

  7. If I __________ (go) to a costume party, I __________ (dress) as a giant banana.

  8. I __________ (goof) around, slipping and sliding, and __________ (make) everyone burst into laughter.

  9. If I __________ (decide) to dance, I __________ (bust) out the most ridiculous and exaggerated moves, leaving everyone in stitches.

  10. But, if I __________ (be) a stand-up comedian, I __________ (perform) at a comedy club.

  11. If I __________ (go) on stage, I __________ (deliver) a comedy routine filled with hilarious observations and exaggerated impersonations.

  12. If I __________ (get) the crowd laughing, I __________ (bask) in the glory of their laughter and applause.

  13. If I __________ (go) to a restaurant, I __________ (order) the weirdest and most unconventional dish on the menu.

  14. I __________ (pretend) to love it and __________ (make) exaggerated expressions of enjoyment, confusing everyone around me.

  15. If I __________ (play) pranks on my friends, I __________ (pull) harmless but hilarious tricks, like swapping their sugar with salt or __________ (hide) whoopee cushions in their chairs.

  16. If I __________ (go) to a job interview, I __________ (crack) funny one-liners and comedic anecdotes to charm the interviewer.

  17. If I __________ (get) the job, I __________ (bring) laughter and joy to the workplace, __________ (create) a fun and lighthearted environment.

  18. In the end, life is too short to take everything seriously.

  19. Embracing humor and laughter can brighten even the dullest moments.

  20. So, if you ever find yourself in a boring situation, remember to channel your inner Chuckler and __________ (find) the funny side of things.


  1. If I were a superhero, I would have a hilarious and unconventional power.

  2. I would turn any situation into a comedy show.

  3. I would make people laugh uncontrollably with my witty jokes and silly antics.

  4. However, if I were a villain, I would be "The Prankster."

  5. If I caused mischief, I would play elaborate and mischievous pranks on unsuspecting victims.

  6. If I got caught, I would escape by triggering a series of comical distractions.

  7. If I went to a costume party, I would dress as a giant banana.

  8. I would goof around, slipping and sliding, and making everyone burst into laughter.

  9. If I decided to dance, I would bust out the most ridiculous and exaggerated moves, leaving everyone in stitches.

  10. But, if I were a stand-up comedian, I would perform at a comedy club.

  11. If I went on stage, I would deliver a comedy routine filled with hilarious observations and exaggerated impersonations.

  12. If I got the crowd laughing, I would bask in the glory of their laughter and applause.

  13. If I went to a restaurant, I would order the weirdest and most unconventional dish on the menu.

  14. I would pretend to love it and would make exaggerated expressions of enjoyment, confusing everyone around me.

  15. If I played pranks on my friends, I would pull harmless but hilarious tricks, like swapping their sugar with salt or would hide whoopee cushions in their chairs.

  16. If I went to a job interview, I would crack funny one-liners and comedic anecdotes to charm the interviewer.

  17. If I got the job, I would bring laughter and joy to the workplace, creating a fun and lighthearted environment.

  18. In the end, life is too short to take everything seriously.

  19. Embracing humor and laughter can brighten even the dullest moments.

  20. So, if you ever find yourself in a boring situation, remember to channel your inner Chuckler and find the funny side of things.




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